Vocational education and training in Finland

Vocational education and training (VET) is designed both for young people without upper secondary qualifications and for adults already in work life. VET provides students with strong vocational competence. Another key principle is continuous competence development.

Vocational qualifications can be completed in school-based VET or as competence-based qualifications. VET is organised mainly in institutions (on-the-job learning included) or as apprenticeship training. VET provides skills for both life and work. A vocational qualification gives general eligibility for university of applied science and university studies.

The Ministry of Education and Culture prepares VET legislation and steers and supervises the sector. The Ministry also grants the education providers’ permits to provide VET. VET is developed, delivered and assessed in close cooperation with the world of work.